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1789 Lieven Bauwens imports a mecanic weaving loom, the “Mule Jenny”, from England to Ghent

1790 Abraham Voortman and Frans Devos start up a coton print mill (later called Texas)

1799 François de Smet starts up a coton print mill (later called Louisiana)

1899 Fernand Hanus builds a weaving mill in Oudenbos (creation of Hanus Group)

1919 Merger between spinning mills from Ghent into nv Union Cotonnière, to start again textile production after destructions during World War 1.

1948 Construction of the spinning and weaving mill UCO E.J. Braun in Ghent.

1957 Merger between textile groups Texas and Louisiane into Loutex.

1967 Merger between UCO, Hanus and Loutex into UCO nv.

1974 The mill UCO E.J. Braun in Ghent starts weaving DENIM.

1989 UCO is split up in several branches (UCO Yarns, UCO LDC, UCO Sportswear).

1999 UCO buys a weaving mill in Rockingham, USA: UCO Fabrics.

2002 UCO buys a spinning mill in Texas, USA: UCO Spinning.

2005 UCO starts up the mill UCO Tessatura in Giurgiu, Romania.

2006 Merger between Raymond Ltd, India and UCO, Belgium to create a global denim powerhouse Raymond UCO Denim Ltd. with combined capacity of 47 million meters per annum.

UCO becomes Uco Raymond Denim Holding


UCO: a pioneer in denim

1968 Invasion of ‘Blue jeans’ indigo trousers from the USA.

1970 UCO develops a new process of indigo dyeing and builds a small laboratory machine in collaboration with indigo dyestuff supplier BASF in order to reduce the time needed to absorb and oxidize the dyestuff.

1974 UCO starts up production of Indigo heavy weight denim on a continuous dyeing and slashing machine, developped in collaboration with West Point Foundry. This new dyeing process is a revolution in the world of denim and will gradually replace the American rope dyeing process.

UCO is ahead of its time in its sustainable thinking and develops a method for recovering the dyestuff from the rinsing water and for re-using the water during the production process.

1976 Thanks to this continuous dyeing process UCO is also able to dye much finer yarn counts (till 30 Ne). UCO starts production of lightweight denim, ideal for jackets and shirts.

1978 UCO develops a method for mixing ecru and indigo yarns and starts up production of indigo stripes & checks.

1980 UCO starts a third WEST POINT dyeing machine to produce a sulphur black colour. On the same line UCO develops other sulphur colors (brown, green).

1988 UCO adapts its dyeing machine and starts production of red colour (naphtol), marking a new era in denim…….colour denim.

1990 Based on its know-how, UCO starts up production of a full range of indanthrene and reactive dyed colours to complete its yarn dyed colour range.

1993 To cross the bridge between denim and sportswear, UCO starts up a Casual denim line. Clean and soft denim qualities are made out of fine two-ply, brushed yarns. Indigo denim enters the market luxury citywear.

1995 UCO aims at comfort in its fabrics. Over 50% of the UCO production is made in stretch fabrics.

1996 UCO develops its first Power stretch quality, giving over 45% of elasticity.

2000 To create a two dimensional effect after wash, UCO launches a yarn dyed colour range covered with a pigment colour coating. This enriches the colour and creates a huge variety of colours.

2002 UCO extends the horizon of comfort stretch by introducing T400 yarn into some of its fabrics and offering an optimal level of stretch and recovery.

2003 UCO develops a flat finish based on a resin treatment. The finishing process becomes decisive to obtain the final look.

2007 In a constant search for extra comfort, UCO develops a coton/ T400 warp creating a bi-stretch fabric with consistent shrinkage values.

2008 UCO is the first to produce a yarn dyed quality with a leather PU coating on top. This becomes a landmark in the world of denim.

2010 To enforce its position as a pioneer in colour denim, UCO develops a 3D fabric. Starting from a yarn-dyed colour denim fabric, a sulphur overdyeing and a coloured PU coating this creates a rich colour with huge washdown possibilities.

2012 UCO launches a ready-to-dye fabric with a glitter coating. A specially developped PU coating guarantees a glitter look, even after garment dyeing.